1462 - 1597 - Setu Type II(6) - Jaffna
Arya Chakravartis Copper massa

Traditional design of Lanka standing King Type copper massa of the Jaffna Arya Chakravartis circ 1462-1597, of Codrington SETU type II(6) a debased Type with several variations indicative of the decline of the kingdom.

SPECIFICATIONS
DenominationOne massa
AlloyCopper
TypeStruck
Diameter18.8 mm
Thickness1.9 mm
Weight3.12 gms
ShapeRound
EdgePlain
DieAxis
setu_II-massa_cu_obverse setu_II-massa_cu_reverse
DenominationOne massa
AlloyCopper
Diameter19.0 mm
Thickness mm
Weight4.03 gms
DieAxis
setu_II-6_massa_cu_obverse setu_II-6_massa_cu_reverse
Codrington 95 ;Mitchiner #868
Obverse : Standing king with crown consisting three dots, line and dot ; body broad, arms raised. Below body a line following the contour at each end of which is a dot. Below and separated from this line hangs the Dhoti To the left two semicircles with dot above each disposed virtically ; to right lamp, the stem of which consists of a large ball between two smaller balls, and the head of a horizontal line curved upwards at either end enclosing a flame. On either side of figure two dots. All within cicle of dashes.
Reverse : Bull couchant facing left. Crescent and sun above. Tamil legend SETU below ; large kombu. To right and left of bull a group of three dots.

The upper coin struck low on obverse has head of king off flan while the lower coin struck low on reverse has head of Bull off flan.

See also earlier SETU - 1462 - 1597 - type II (1) coin and (4) coin.

Text edited from
* Ceylon Coins and Currency: H. W. Codrington, Colombo, 1924.
Chapter VI Mediaeval Lanka - "Setu" Coins - Type II(3)(iii)-Varient, Page 77
* Oriental Coins: Michael Mitchiner, London, Hawkins Publications, 1978.

The upper coin was scanned at 600dpi and displayed at 300dpi. It was obtained in 2008 April from a local dealer in Polonnaruwa, Lanka.
The lower coin coin was scanned at 300dpi and displayed at 300dpi. It was obtained in 2001 December from O. M. R. Sirisena an expert collector in Colombo, Lanka.