RajaRaja Chola : 985 - 1014

Chola Occupation Copper massa

Copper massa of Lanka type from the period of Chola occupation of Lanka by RajaRaja Chola (985-1014) of Thanjavur in TamilNadu.

SPECIFICATIONS
DenominationOne massa
AlloyCopper
TypeStruck
Diameter20. mm
Thickness mm
Weight4.3 gms
ShapeRound
EdgePlain
DieAxis
rajaraja_chola_734_obverse rajaraja_chola_734_reverse
Rajaraja Chola Mitchiner #734
DenominationOne massa
AlloyCopper
TypeStruck
Diameter19. mm
Thickness mm
Weight4.0 gms
ShapeRound
EdgePlain
DieAxis
rajaraja_chola_736_obverse rajaraja_chola_736_reverse
Rajaraja Chola Mitchiner #736
The design is that of the traditional Lanka type massa.
Obverse : Standing king with torch on left and group of spheres on right, surmounted by crescent. Reverse : Seated king on left facing right with legend beneath his raised arm. Sri Raja raja in Nagari script

Rajaraja Chola (985-1014) invaded Lanka in 990 AD and conquered the northern half. Ruining Anuradhapura he made Polonnaruwa his capital on the island;. Rajendra (1014-1044) Chola succeeded in extended Chola occupation over the whole island of Lanka in 1018. Lanka became regained independence from Chola occupation in 1070 under Vijaya-bahu (1055-1110).

The massa coin was scanned at 300dpi and displayed at 300dpi.

Text edited from
* Coins of the Cholas: C. H. Biddulph, NSI #13, 1966.
* Oriental Coins: Michael Mitchiner, London, Hawkins Publications, 1978.