1660 - 1691 - Dutch Ceilon

Colombo CounterMark - Surat Rupee

The Colombo City VOC/C Countermark on the Indian silver Rupee minted at Surat in 1662/63 for Aurangzeb Alamgir authorized it to circulate as 30 stuivers in Dutch Ceilon.

SPECIFICATIONS
DenominationRupee
AlloySilver
TypeStruck
Diameter22/22.5 mm
Thickness_._ mm
Weight legal11.444 gms
Weight11.52 gms
ShapeRound
EdgeSmooth
DieAxis_____°
MintSurat,India
CounterMarkColombo
Surat_rupee_cm.VOC-C_obverse Surat_rupee_cm.VOC-C_reverse
Codrington unlisted ; Scholten unlisted
Obverse : Aurangzeb Alamgir Surat rupee 1073 with reginal year 5.
Reverse : Countermark VOC/C (Colombo) to right of center tilted left-down.

By the placard of 1660 October 23rd, No silver or copper coins, were allowed in circulate after 1660 November 8th except those marked by the Company. Accordingly all foreign coins like this Indian Silver Rupee above were countermarked to allow them to circulate on the Island. The Surat rupee was one of the trade coins adopted by the Dutch and the Countermark might had ceased long before the Abbasis were taken out of circulation in 1691.

Very few of these Countermarked Surat have been recorded. It is not mentioned in Codrington, Grogan, Scholten or Mitchiner.

Text from
* Ceylon Coins and Currency By H. W. Codrington. Colombo 1924
  Chapter VIII Portuguese - Plate xxx. Page xxx
* The Coins of the Dutch Overseas Territories- 1601-1948
  C. Scholten, 1953, Amsterdam: Jacques Schulman. page xxx-xxx
* Moedas Portuguesas 1128-1988, by Alberto Gomes. Lisbon 1987
* Collection Henry Thomas Grogan, J. Schulman, Auction 23-02-1914.
* Non-Islamic and Western Colonies since 600 AD by by Michael Mitchiner.

I thank Jan Lingen who kindly sent me the 300 dpi scans of these rare coin from his collection and are displayed at xxx dpi.