1646 - 1794 - Dutch India

Paliakate - VOC Kas Copper Dumps

VOC Kas copper coins issued by the Dutch Mint in Paliakate (Pulicat) (Northern Latitude 13°.2) in Coromandel (south-east Indian coast). They are found in Lanka.

Paliakate was the VOC head office of the Coromandel since its establishment in 1610 to 1690 when it was superseded by Negapatnam. From 1781 to 1784 all the settlements on the coast were in British hands and in 1784 Negapatnam having been ceded to the British, Paliakate again became the head office until occupied again in 1795. Fort Gelria established in 1615 was the first VOC mint in India.
Initialy copper coins with VOC monogram and a Sanskrit legend were struck.

In 1646 the Dutch received permission from the Golconda Sultan Abd Allah Qutb Shah (AH 1035-1083 / AD 1626-1673) to strike coins at Paliakate "with the stamp of the King of Golconda" The inscription degenerated through the years and the word Allah, which was a wavy line in the beginning, became due course completely omitted. The small copper coins were current only within the limited area of the Company. Paliakate_legend Benam



In name of



Obverse : Kas value in roman Numerals as give in table below and character P or PAL (Paliakate) above the large VOC monogram in beaded circle.
Reverse : Arabic characters in beaded circle.
In the small denominations struck in large quantities over a long period the inscriptions were corrupted by the Tamil engravers unacquainted with Arabic characters, finally degraded to undulated lines or crescents.

KM#Scholten#Value Weight RarityDescriptionLink

341223 One 1.65 gms C P coin
351222 Two 3.30 gms R II coin
381220 Four 6.60 gms RR PAL over
391218 Eight13.20 gms RR PAL over

  421219 Five 8.25 gms RR V coin
431217 Ten 16.50 gms R X coin

The Five (V) kas (half-stiver) and the Ten (X) kas (Stiver) without the PAL above were particularly struck for circulation Lanka. Later the Four (IIII) kas & Eight (VIII) kas were also current on the island. They were forbidden there by a Placard of 1674 Feb 14th. These rare coins are from the Collection of Jan Lingen of Netherlands, are linked above.

Text edited from
* Ceylon Coins and Currency By H. W. Codrington. Colombo 1924
  PULICAT Chapter X Dutch Page 137
* The Coins of the Dutch Overseas Territories-1601-1948 by C. Scholten, 1953, Amsterdam:
  Jacques Schulman. Chapter X PULICAT page 133.
* Jan Lingen 1977 in "De Beeldenaar" (issue 7, pag.16-18).