BURMA (MYANMAR)

Myanmar, a southeast Asian country bordering India and Thailand, dates back to the early 11th Century A.D. when King Anawratha unified the country and founded the First "Myanmar" Empire in Bagan. The second Myanmar Empire was founded in mid 16th Century by King Bayinnaung. King Alaungpaya founded the last Myanmar Dynasty in 1752 and it was during the zenith of this Empire that the British moved into Myanmar. Like India, Burma became a British colony only after three Anglo-Myanmar wars in 1825, 1852 and 1885. Burma was part of India until 1937 when it became an autonomous colony. During World War II Burma was occupied by the Japanese from 1942 till 1945. Burma became a sovereign independent State on 4 January 1948. In 1962, the military took over the country. In 1974, the country became a socialist republic. The country's name was officially changed to Myanmar in 1989, restoring the ancient name of the region. A number of separatist units operated within Burma particularly in the Shan State.

Burmese coinage was issued from 1852 to 1885.  In 1889, Burmese coins ceased to circulate and were replaced by Indian coinage.  Burmese national coinage resumed in 1948.

UNION OF BURMA
<Patriotic Liberation Army>

  These coins were minted in pure 24 karat gold by the anti-Ne Win rebel movement (Patriotic Liberation Army) in Tsung Gyi Kor Lone which was not under central government control.  The PLA used their total 80 kilogram reserve of gold to mint these coins in the three sizes. When U Nu disavowed support of ethnic minorities, the PLA central committee disagreed and U Nu resigned his leadership position and went into voluntary exile in India.  The PLA then ordered the defacement of U Nu's name from coins then in circulation.  The central government made ownership a high crime punishable by death so many people totally defaced the coins by pounding them in gold wafers.

 

  4 Mu - 1970/71

KM-045 - 8,00 g AGW - 28 mm

The obverse features the Burmese dancing peacock with the Burmese inscription UNION OF BURMA GOVERNMENT 1970-1971 with the weight on each side. The reverse has an 8 pointed PLA star with small 5 pointed stars in each field. The inscription within the star is Burmese for U NU who was a Burmese nationalist leader (b1907-d1995).


2 Mu - 1970/71

KM-044 - 4,00 g AGW - 20 mm

These coins were issued by the Patriotic Liberation Army of the Union of Burma. The obverse features a peacock with a Burmese inscription for Union of Burma Government above, the dates 1970-1971 in Burmese characters below, and the weight 4 grams on either side.  The reverse features as eight pointed star with a Burmese inscription within for U Nu the Prime Minister.


1 Mu - 1970/71

KM-043 - 2,00 g AGW - 15 mm

These coins were issued by the Patriotic Liberation Army of the Union of Burma. The obverse features a peacock with a Burmese inscription for Union of Burma Government above, the dates 1970-1971 in Burmese characters below, and the weight 2 grams on either side.  The reverse features as eight pointed star with a Burmese inscription for U Nu the Prime Minister within and Shwe Muzi below the star.


From worldwide-numismatics website.