Ancient India - Elephant and Bow Type
Chera Kingdom

A square copper coin of Chera dynasty with Elephant and Bow and Ankusa from 1-2 century AD.

Width19.1 mm
Thickness1.9 mm
Weight3.23 gms
chera_elephant_bow_cu_obverse chera_elephant_bow_cu_reverse
Krishnamurthy #129, Mitchiner #
Obverse : Elephant standing facing left, branches of tree above his back. Other faintsSymbols in front and above elephant. Reverse : Bow and Arrow with an Ankusa on the left.

Krishnamurthy (#129) describes a higher grade coin. In front of elephant on the left a sphear, and a mast with a peacock symbol on top, Above the elephant from left to to right a srivasta symbol, a wheel, a conch, sun and a svastika; behind and bending over the elephant a tree with branches.

Of the 21 coins of similar type in Krishnamurthy (#118-#138) the elephant mostly faces right and only two have the Elephant facing left like in the Lankan Elephant & Svastika. Most of the Pandya coins in this book and also Biddulph also have Elephant Right, the one found in Lanka and illustrated in Codrington is to left.

Unlike the very similar Pandaya coin with the stylised fish symbol on reverse, this type of Chera coin with Bow and Ankusa (Elephant Goad) is not listed in Codrington as being found at any archaeological sites in Lanka.

The coin was scanned at 600dpi and displayed at 300dpi. It was obtained in 2004 April from Satya Bhupatiraju who had purchased from Scott Semans.

Text edited from
* Sangam Age Tamil Coins (300BC to 300AD) R. Krishnamurthy, 1997 Madras, India.