A circular copper-lead coin found at various archaeological sites in Anuradhapura and Ruhuna with a branched tree within enclosure of many compartments on obverse and a railed svastika revolving to right (clockwise) or left (anticlockwise) on the reverse.
The Branch in clear specimens ends plain with nothing,
a triple fork, triple dot [Codrington TypeIB(a)] or triple leaves,
but not mentioned by OBRW for H11, H16 or H17),
If a triple Fork then the Upward pointing branch should also has a similer
Codrington counting only brnches to side has counted this sometimes as
two branches, although the top two do not have a triplet at their
ends. So some of that called Six branches should be five. Some called
Four Branchs is also Five as he ignores the upward pointing branch.
Codrington mentions plain branches with nothing at end (Type 3) and
Branches with Quadruple Fork (1B(b)(ii) ) but no images
Note also that the tip of the tree and the base of the enclosure maybe off the Flan and or those coins the classification based on region of image seen on flan could be in error. The number of branches have been counted differently by many Authors, and hopefully I have adopted same as OBRW which to me is more logical.
Codrington describes 14 types with various combinations of (1) Four
(2) Six and (3) Eight Branches in tree, and Four, Six, and twelve
compartments in enclosure.
The catalogs also list Right and Left rotation of the svastika,
and other extra symbols which give various types.
Codrington's description counts only branches to side and has even number.
|Four||Four||Right||1A 1B(a)(i) 1B(a)(ii) 1B(a)(iii) 1B(b)(ii) 1B(b)(iv) 1B(b)(v)|
Bopearachchi and Wickramasinhe in Ruhuna (OBRW) describes 9 types from Akurugoda with various combinations of Three, Five and seven Branches in tree, and Four, Six, twelve and fifteen compartments in enclosure. They count main vertical stalk leading to one more or a odd-number of branches.
Many of the coin types listed below are ex: Rajah Wickremesinhe collection the Author of the second list above. The variety is probably even larger.
|Plain Branch Type|
|Branch ending in 3 dots Type|
|Branch ending in 3 leaves Type|
|Branch ending in Triple Fork Type|
There are more token types with railed Svastika rotating to left or Anticlockwise. but clockwise is seen in all types.
Twelve compartments and Five Branches seem to be the most common format of token type.
All different number of compartments is seen in all Types and is not correlated with weight.
The Plain Branch tokens are small and light, and the largest and heavy tokens end with a triple Fork.
Text edited from
* Ceylon Coins and Currency By H. W. Codrington. Colombo 1924
Page 22 Chapter III - Tree and Svastika - Pl 12 to Pl 15.
* Ruhuna. An Ancient Civilisation Re-visited by Bopearachchi and Wickramasinhe. 1999 (OBRW)
Page 27 Local coins - Tree and Svastika - Pl H.9 to H.17.