Bull and Circular Symbol Type

Anuradhapura Period

A rectangular cast copper coin of a variety of sizes with a bull standing facing left or right on obverse and a frame with dots on the reverse. Found at various archaeological sites in Anuradhapura.

SPECIFICATIONS
AlloyCu
TypeCast
Height17.2 mm
Width17.8 mm
Thickness2.0 mm
Weight3.2 gms
ShapeSquare
DieAxis
bull:left_wheel:square_obverse bull:left_wheel:square_reverse
Ruhuna B&W #H.26 ; Mitchiner #690

Obverse : A bull standing facing left within double square frame with dots between. The alter in front is faintly visible.
Reverse : A wheel within a double square frame with dots between.

Bopearachchi and Wickremesinhe in Ruhuna illustrate a copper coin from Akurugoda of similer type H.26 (18 mm, 2.68 gms).

Mitchiner attributes the uninscribed issue to the period AD 250-600.
Codrington describes 8 types various combinations of the standing bull facing (1) right or (2) left including other symbols such a flower vase on the obverse and a (1) circular (2) square or (3) triangular frame enclosing one to four dots on the reverse.

This coin is within the range of sizes from 16 mm to 28 mm and weights from 1.8 gms to 13 gms listed by Codrington who illustrates two in Pl.16 and PL.17. The term Rectangular Bull Type is used although this coin and even smaller coin are practically square.

The coin was scanned at 600dpi and displayed at 400dpi. The almost black color of coin has been lightened to highlight features. It was obtained in 2000 September from O. M. R. Sirisena an expert collector in Colombo, Lanka.

Text edited from
* Ceylon Coins and Currency By H. W. Codrington. Colombo 1924
  Page 24 Chapter III - Ancient Coins - Rectangular Bull Type. Pl 16 to Pl 17.